Westphalia

Westphalia was the original home of the Saxon people and one of three great divisions of the Saxon kingdom, the others being Engern and Eastphalia. This is a flat land dominated broken only by a low range of hills separating the Ems basis from the Weser. Here you find large and ancient cities rising from the plains sprinkled with timeless villages and moated castles.

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Sauerland

Sauerland

The Duchy of Mark was based in a truly uninhabited region. Aside from the city of Hagen and its Art Nouveau cityscape, the Sauerland is a region of dense forests and forgotten mines. The regional architecture is perhaps best characterized by its half-timbered homes and wood-shingle designs.
Weser-Engern

Weser-Engern

This region follows the shifting silhouette of the Weser River as it leaves the highlands of Hessen and Thüringen. The Weser was a culturally important river, linking the Hanseatic city of Bremen with the interior. Though the region is best known for its distinctive Weser-Renaissance style of architecture, its fractured political past yields a region full of unique surprises.
Westphalia

Westphalia

Westphalia is a region best known for its two great cities, Münster and Dortmund. The rest of the region is sprinkled with small towns and moated castles, divided evenly between the Ruhr and Ems rivers. The best things to see here are the ancient sandstone cities of Münster, Soest, and Lippstadt, which once stood astride the trade routes connecting the Hanseatic States to the Rhineland.

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Historical Regions

Explore Europe from the perspective of ages past, when borders were different and when regional identities were stronger.