Select a Region to Explore in Detail
The old lands of the Duchy Berg sit high above the Rhine in a thickly forested and rolling highland landscape. Known otherwise only for its high-quality swords in the Middle Ages, the Industrial Revolution first awoke the Duchy’s potential. The land’s bounty was an endless supply of iron and coal hiding beneath the surface. The story of a rural way of life disrupted by modernity is still evident in its towns, villages, and industrial heritage.
Little survives of the pre-war Lower-Rhine Valley. What remains to be seen are the individual medieval monuments of the Holy Roman Empire and great industrial relics of the Wilhelmine German Empire. Beyond the tragedy of the 20th century, though, are vibrant cities, each with its own identity and traditions.
The river Maas/Meuse was the heart of the early Carolingian Empire. With the imperial capital in Aachen, the cities of Maastricht, Liege, and Huy became centers of Romanesque and Gothic Art. As Imperial power weakened, the Prince-Bishops of Liege rose to prominence. Their dominance of the valley defined the region with their stylistic preferences, even through to the present day.