Macedonia

Macedonia is an ancient region born around the fertile lands of the Vardar and Haliacmom Rivers. From here, Alexander the Great assembled his armies that would march east to India and conquer the known world. Even after Alexander, Macedonia would remain one of the most important regions of the ancient world, only slowly fading from the pages of history. By the beginning of the 20th century, centuries of invasions and Ottoman rule left Macedonia as a melting pot of cultures. Greeks were actually a minority in the region, otherwise inhabited mostly by Bulgarians and Turks. With the post-war population transfers, Macedonia was split definitively between Greek and Slavic Macedonia.

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Regions of Macedonia

Central Macedonia

Central Macedonia

Dominated by the peaks of the Pirin Mountains, the people of this region inhabit the wide Struma valley as the river carves its way towards the Aegean Sea. Due to its relative isolation from the rest of Bulgaria, it is considered separate from Shopluk and represents a borderland between Macedonia and Bulgaria. Today it is known for its traditional architecture and excellent wine.
Rumelia

Rumelia

The highlands surrounding the Vardar River and its tributaries were a crossroads of Empires, and the ruins of countless ancient civilizations dot the landscape. Even today, few exciting places in Europe offer such a diverse mix of ethnic identities. A visit to North Macedonian Rumelia will be an adventurous tour of some of the most beautiful sights in the Balkans, especially its pristine and untapped natural beauty and the cities rising from the ruins of past Empires.

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Historical Regions

Explore Europe from the perspective of ages past