Upper Palatinate

Regional Overview

The Wittelsbach Frontier

The Upper Palatinate changed hands numerous times throughout its history, though never leaving the Wittelsbach domain. Never at any point, though, did the region attain self-rule, and its development remains stunted. Today it is a land of castles, forests, and walled towns. The main sights here are the city of Regensburg and the Danube valley.

Regional Identity

What to Lookout For

  • The Gothic monuments of Regensburg and Amberg, represent a unique combination of styles.
  • The Renaissance and Baroque urban architecture reflect both Franconian and Bavarian traditions.
  • One of the most castle-dense regions in Germany




Justin Bunch | CityscapeTravel

What is the Upper-Palatinate?

The Upper-Palatinate is a borderland on the Czech border primarily known for the city of Regensburg. The region is ethnically Bavarian but only came under the control of Bavaria in the 17th century. For most of its history, it was ruled from Heidelberg, far away in the Rhineland. The Imperial City of Regensburg by contrast, was an independent city-state until the demise of the Holy Roman Empire. The contrast between the highly urban Imperial City and the rural undeveloped region demonstrates the weakness of rule from afar.

While the region is best known for the UNESCO Protected old-town of Regensburg, the entire region offers a rich collection of heritage. The old town of Amberg has a remarkable collection of Gothic and Baroque monuments as well. The rural backcountry also has much to offer with its countless castles and hidden forest vales. A trip through the Upper-Palatinate might wander between isolated castle ruins and the tourist center of Regensburg.

My Subjective Travel Rankings

To understand where the categories come from, see this article here.

7.2 / 10

The score is based on the following:

  • Accommodation: 10
  • Transportation: 10
  • Volume/Capacity: 5
  • Infrastructure: 10
  • Interactivity: 6

8.3 / 10

The score is based on the following:

  • Context: 8
  • Monuments: 10
  • Quality: 7

4 / 10

The score is based on the following:

  • Abstraction: 6
  • Tradition: 2



The heart of the region is centered on the four ancient capitals of the Bavarian state: Munich, Landshut, Ingolstadt and Straubing.

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